There are several alternatives to going to court. The most common sense way is to either directly try to resolve it with the other party, or have the party’s attorneys discuss it with each other. Other means of resolution are mediation, that’s a very common method, and also, arbitration. Both are alternatives that have some favorable aspects, as opposed to going to court. Mediation involves voluntarily discussing the dispute with a neutral third party, and whatever they agree upon is mutually agreeable. Arbitration is the party’s hire a third party, another lawyer, and the lawyer will decide the case in sitting as a private judge. The parties will split the expense of this private judge deciding the case. …
An oral agreement is usually binding but not always. Florida has a statute of frauds so certain types of contracts are not binding unless they’re in writing and signed by the party against whom it’s charged. For example, selling a house or a piece of real property requires a written agreement. It has to be signed by the other party. Commercial leases exceeding a year’s length will need to be in writing. There’s a witness requirement of 2 witnesses to the execution of the lease. Many other contracts can be enforced simply because they’re oral contracts where one part has agreed and as somebody has often said, its simply a handshake where they’ve mutually agreed orally as to what the contract is.
A protected characteristic would include things such as the age of the person or their gender or their race or their ethnicity. Those are factors that the low considers to be typically irrelevant to whether a person is really doing a good job. Most employers aren’t going to be interested in what the person’s race is or their ethnicity is, they’re going to be interested typically in whether they’re doing a good job. That’s where the law forbids employers from taking into consideration certain protected characteristics such as those I’ve described.
The Temporary employees can file discrimination claims, but only certain types of discrimination claims. Some claims require a certain period of employment for the employee to bring the claim. In other words, they had to be with the employer for a certain period of time to be able to have rights under that. An example would be under the Family Medical Leave Act where it would require a certain hours of employment and certain duration of employment to be able to have rights under that particular statute. Many employees can bring discrimination claims simply as temporary employees. There is no time period that they had to be employed by the employer, particularly if there is discrimination based on for example race or age or ethnicity.
Typically no employee is entitled to severance pay unless there is a contractual obligation during the employment relationship where the employer and the employee had agreed that earlier in the relationship that when the relationship ends the employee is entitled to a certain amount of severance.
Overtime hours are calculated based on the person’s hourly rate and anything above 40 they’re supposed to be getting a halftime premium. For example, if the hourly rate is $10 an hour and the person works five extra hours above 40 hours a week, they’re supposed to be paid an extra $5 for those extra overtime hours.
Most employees file charges of discrimination by contacting the EEOC, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. They will be given a form and they will complete a form, and they will meet with somebody at the agency to assist in completed that form.
The EOC resolves discrimination charges by investigating the charges so when the charge of discrimination is filed by an employee the employer is contacted by the EOC for a response. The employer will provide a written response including documentation. These responses typically will include what happened with this employee, what occurred, perhaps employment reviews that will be attached to be showing that the employer considered things carefully and made a valid business decision to terminate the employee’s employment. The EOC will then provide information to the employee and ask for the employee’s response and then make a decision as to whether there is probable cause for the charge of discrimination.
There is no general limit for an employer to tell an employee how many hours to work. Now, there are exceptions. Certain industries have legal requirements that an employee cannot work beyond a certain number of hours for public safety reasons, and in those situations, the employer is limited as to the number of hours it can ask the employee to work. Outside of those industries where there are not some safety reasons, typically, there are not limits, but the employee is never obligated to work the extra hours. Employee can refuse and just simply not contain the employment relationship, or tell the employer, “I’m not willing to do this.”
If an employee is pregnant, the employee still can be fired. The law prohibits the employer from treating the employee worse than any other employee, so if the employee does not do a good job and happens to be pregnant, the employee still can be terminated, and it still would be lawful. Pregnancy does not insulate the employee from the requirements of every other employee to do their job properly. Now, with that said, typically it’s not in an employers best interest to rush into a termination of a pregnant employee because of the potential for claims, and the expenses associated with those claims.